National WASH Sector Programme

On January 03, 2013, the Government of Nepal approved the terms of reference for a National WASH Program. The terms of reference were prepared as a consequence of a sector consultation under the aegis of the Sector Steering Group, held in September 2012.

It gives expression to the interest of GoN, its partners in development in the WASH sector and many representative agencies and local and international NGOs, to formulate a comprehensive programme for a final push to achieve universal coverage in water supply, and sanitation as early as possible. To this end, the Government is formulating a WASH Sector Development Plan.  

Vision:  Adequate and convenient sanitation and water services to all citizens, for health, dignity and  socio-economic progress. [Originally to be  achieved by 2017, but now delayed by a few years due to the 2015 earthquakes.]

Strategic elements:

  • GoN to ensure through enabling policy environment, technical assistance, financing arrangements, capacity building and a regulatory  framework that citizens of Nepal have access to and use of proper sanitation facilities and safe water for consumption, adequate for hygiene and general cleanliness. Thus,
  • Adequate and functional services should be available to households and institutions such as hospitals, clinics and schools;
  • Where required, appropriate public facilities in sanitation and water should be available in markets and other public places frequented by a larger mass of people;
  • Adequate arrangements should be in place for the disabled, elderly and vulnerable.
  • Ensure equitable use and distribution of water resources for water supply, and maintain a tariff structure that enforces Pay-As-You-Use (PAYU) above reasonable basic  requirements;
  • Protect natural resources in water, water bodies and wetlands by updating and enforcing environmental  and public health regulations;
  • At district and national level capacity is to be assured for emergency water supply and sanitation.  This capacity refers to common concerns such as annual flooding in terai districts and diarrhoea outbreaks in low-coverage districts or municipalities, as well as to damage to WASH services caused by landslides or earthquakes.
  • GoN to ensure through enabling policy environment, technical assistance, financing arrangements, capacity building and a regulatory  framework compliance with environmentally sound practice for the collection, treatment and safe disposal and discharge of all categories of waste and waste water.

3. Where households, communities and institutions aspire to higher levels of WASH service (in new or existing service areas), GoN at all levels shall facilitate these aspirations by supporting appropriate surveys and assessments of the implications for water resources, by encouraging the private sector (especially small and medium enterprises) through capacity building, vocational training (incl. certification), and access to targeted funding,  and by strengthening district offices of DWSS to become more effective advisors and intermediaries between communities and district-based WASH sector SMEs and NGOs on WASH improvements.
The above commitments need further consideration with respect to their planning and realization. This will be undertaken in the period May 2013 – June 2015. This website will provide regular updates on activities and documentation published.